[[You know what? The classification of the Hashihime, is both youkai (of the kijo variant) and deity (of the bridge orient). They are effectively both in terms of how folklore works. And even if forced to be separate, Parsee is definitely of the deity orient, considering the deity’s mythology is the only one of the two mythologies which properly fits her canon.
Now, Touhou doesn’t necessarily work along folklore lines, but it’s payed enough attention and detail to it that folklore’s definitions would still be in play.
Touhou’s human populace calls Parsee a Hashihime youkai. A youkai. Even though just calling her a Hashihime would have sufficed perfectly for what she was. It’s a very specific creature. There’s no need to put the youkai tag there, unless there’s a reason they need to go from pinning her as a very specific species to a broader one.
That’s not the only creature they’ve done that with. Shinigami are also considered youkai for some reason, despite being known and acknowledged as death gods.
Touhou has this nasty little habit of calling anything which isn’t human, and can’t be given faith in return for miracles or classified as a non-sentient cryptid, as a youkai. Specifically, it’s apparently a term tagged onto creatures which attack humans, and infact they consider a youkai which doesn’t attack humans to not be a youkai.
Which makes a little bit more sense, as both Hashihime and Shinigami are perceived to attack humans in one way or another, whether it be out of disrespect or envious fits, or in the Shinigami’s case to take souls to Higan (even though that isn’t true by Touhou standards, but the humans believe it).
But even the benevolent ones which don’t attack humans, like zashiki-warashi, they still consider to be youkai. And they don’t attack humans, so they shouldn’t really need to be given that term, since they don’t fall under the ‘attacks humans’ classification requirement.
So at this point, I’m fed up with trying to classify what the hell a Hashihime is supposed to be in terms of Touhou’s creature classifications. For now.
So until further notice, the classification of ‘youkai’ is probably purely up to whimsical human bias. If it’s not human or a particularly beneficial god for the populace, then they are very likely classify it as a youkai, even if it doesn’t fit their supposed definitions of what a youkai is.]]